The main task of an anaesthesiologist is to monitor and support the patient's vital functions throughout the procedure. We use modern equipment such as multi-parameter monitors, mechanical fans, and infusion pumps to ensure safe anaesthesia.
General anaesthesia or narcosis is used during many surgeries. The anaesthesiologist administers drugs to make the patient lose consciousness, a condition comparable to a state of induced and reversible coma. The anaesthesiologist has a difficult job: choose the appropriate drug dosage based on the patient's health, age, weight, sex, and pre-existing chronic conditions or risk factors.
The role of the anesthesiologist is crucial, as they ensure the patient's safety by continuously monitoring throughout the surgery vital signs, such as respiration, blood pressure, heart rate, body temperature, and blood oxygen level.
Our operation rooms have a customised intraoperative anaesthesia management. According to the type of surgery and the characteristics and needs of every patient, a different kind of anaesthesia is used: inhalation, intravenous or loco-regional.
The job of the anesthesiologist does not end with surgery. Instead, they continue to monitor the patient's recovery in the in-stay ward, monitor their awakening and improve their comfort using appropriate analgesic protocols based on their clinical conditions.
The department staff is available every day by appointment for a preoperative evaluation with an anesthesiologist.
The preoperative evaluation for anaesthesia is fundamental to assess the health of the patient undergoing surgery.
Sometimes, patients underestimate the importance of this evaluation, preferring to speak with the surgeon multiple times. However, it is a crucial step in minimising surgical risks. While talking with the anesthesiologist, you can express fears, expectations and doubts, and you have to report illnesses, allergies, and metabolic and anatomical conditions that could increase the likelihood of complications in the operating room.
The general control through blood and instrumental tests, and any other additional exams, means entering the operating room with much more serenity. We advise you to schedule this examination at least two weeks before surgery to have time to request further examination and stop or replace any ongoing pharmacological therapies.
HOW QUICKLY DOES GENERAL ANAESTHESIA WEAR OFF?
The body clears the anaesthetic drugs within a few hours after surgery; the recovery time depends on the type of surgery sustained. The anaesthesiologist plans the doses of anaesthetics so that their effect lasts beyond the expected surgery duration, allowing to use additional doses, if necessary, without interrupting its effectiveness.
Can I choose the type of anesthesia?
You can discuss any doubts or preferences with the anesthesiologist, but ultimately, the doctor will make the final decision. The doctor will evaluate various factors, such as the type of surgery, the patient's current and previous health conditions, and any risk factors.
IS IT POSSIBLE TO EAT OR DRINK BEFORE ANAESTHESIA?
Before undergoing anaesthesia, animals in veterinary medicine are required to fast from the day before the examination. This is necessary because anaesthesia can slow down or completely stop reflexes. Any food in the stomach during this time could travel upward and enter the lungs, leading to a severe form of pneumonia.
The patient can drink up to a few hours before surgery.
WHY IS IT NOT POSSIBLE TO DRINK IMMEDIATELY AFTER GENERAL ANAESTHESIA?
Because the muscles of the digestive system may not yet have recovered their function, provoking the risk of aspiration of liquids when swallowing.
SHOULD I KEEP GIVING PRESCRIPTION DRUGS?
All drugs administered should be disclosed to the anesthesiologist during the visit, who will determine which drug should be stopped or replaced if any changes are necessary.
WILL THE ANIMAL BE IN PAIN AFTER SURGERY?
Any surgery can cause pain, but in recent years, the focus on patient welfare has been particularly valued. Anaesthesiologists and surgeons will do their utmost to reduce possible discomfort after surgery, employing effective pain reliever drugs and minimally invasive surgical techniques.
WILL THE ANIMAL BE NAUSEOUS AFTER SURGERY?
Nausea and vomiting are common side effects of anaesthesia, but they typically resolve within a few hours and can be managed with specific medication..
ARE LONGER SURGERIES ALSO MORE DANGEROUS?
Not necessarily. There are many factors involved; some of the most important are:
- the patient's health situation and presence of chronic diseases
- expertise and experience of the anaesthesiologist
- type of surgery